What’s Up: Juni 2020

Hubungan AS dan Tiongkok memburuk karena dipicu masalah perang dagang, pandemi Covid-19, Hongkong, Laut Cina Selatan, masyarakat minoritas Uyghur, dan isu-isu lainnya. Perpecahan di Tiongkok tidak terelakkan dan menyebabkan munculnya dua kelompok yang memiliki tujuan berlawanan. Kelompok pertama menekankan semangat tempur, kelompok kedua berupaya meredakan ketegangan untuk mencegah Perang Dingin baru.

The US and Chinese relations deteriorated due to the problems of the trade war, the Covid-19 pandemic, Hong Kong, the South China Sea, the Uyghur minority community, and other issues. Divisions in China were inevitable and led to the emergence of two groups with opposite aims. The first group emphasizes fighting spirit, the second group seeks to defuse tensions to prevent a new Cold War.

South China Morning Post: https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3086802/us-china-tensions-set-worsen-moderates-lose-out-hardliners


Pasukan India dan pasukan Tiongkok memobilisasi peralatan berat dan persenjataan, termasuk senjata artileri dan kendaraan tempur ke wilayah yang berdekatan dengan perbatasan di Ladakh Timur yang sedang disengketakan.

Indian troops and Chinese troops mobilized heavy equipment and weaponry, including artillery weapons and combat vehicles, to areas adjacent to the disputed border in East Ladakh.

Times of India: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-china-bring-in-heavy-equipment-and-weaponry-to-their-rear-bases-near-eastern-ladakh/articleshow/76123257.cms?utm_source=dailybrief&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=DailyBrief2020Jun1&utm_term=DailyNewsBrief


Trump mengerahkan unit 101th Airborne dan militer terkemuka lainnya untuk “berhadapan” dengan Antifa, sebuah gerakan anarkis paling kiri yang berusaha disalahkan oleh Presiden karena kerusuhan besar tersebut.

Trump has mobilized 101th Airborne units and other prominent military units to “confront” Antifa, a far-left anarchist movement that the President is trying to blame for the great riots.

Defense One: https://www.defenseone.com/threats/2020/06/trump-and-allies-reach-military-response-domestic-protests/165819/


Pandemi Covid-19 memicu disrupsi dan ketidakpastian jangka panjang di berbagai bidang mulai dari hubungan internasional, ekonomi global, perdagangan, teknologi, hingga perubahan iklim. Pemikiran yang dituangkan Matthew P. Goodman (CSIS) secara gamblang di dalam tulisan ini akan menjelaskan masalah-masalah yang harus kita hadapi pada saat ini dan di masa depan.

The Covid-19 pandemic triggered long-term disruption and uncertainty in areas ranging from international relations, the global economy, trade, technology to climate change. The thoughts expressed by Matthew P. Goodman (CSIS) clearly in this paper will explain the problems we must face at this time and in the future.

CSIS: http://www.csis.org/analysis/economics-all-about-disruption


Pada bulan April 2020, para peretas Iran berupaya meracuni air minum yang dikonsumsi masyarakat Israel dengan cara meningkatkan jumlah cairan kimia klorin.

In April 2020, Iranian hackers attempted to poison drinking water consumed by the Israeli community by increasing the amount of chlorine chemical liquid.

Jerusalem Post: https://www.jpost.com/israel-news/iran-cyberattack-on-israel-tried-to-increase-chlorine-in-water-report-629910


Kepala Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), Lassina Zerbo, menyatakan sebuah stasiun di Swedia mendeteksi “peningkatan isotop radioaktif yang lebih tinggi dari biasanya” yang kemungkinan berasal dari suatu tempat di sekitar Laut Baltik. Tiga radionuklida yang meningkat adalah Cesium-134, Cesium-137, dan Ruthenium-103.

Chairman of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), Lassina Zerbo, said a station in Sweden questioned “increasing radioactive isotopes higher than usual” that probably derived from a place around the Baltic Sea. Three radionuclides that are increasing are Cesium-134, Cesium-137, and Ruthenium-103.

Radio Liberty: https://www.rferl.org/a/elevated-but-not-harmful-radioactivity-detected-in-baltic-sea-/30694110.html


Dua kapal induk USS Nimitz dan USS Ronald Reagan melakukan latihan bersama di Laut Filipina pada 28 Juni 2020. Amerika Serikat ingin menunjukkan “komitmen responsif, fleksibel, dan abadi” kepada negara-negara sekutu dan mitranya di kawasan Indo-Pasifik setelah Beijing mengklaim hampir seluruh Laut Cina selatan dengan alasan historis. Laksamana Muda George Wikoff menyatakan latihan tersebut bertujuan memperkuat kemampuan Angkatan Laut Amerika Serikat melakukan “operasi-operasi perang di semua wilayah.”

Two aircraft carriers USS Nimitz and USS Ronald Reagan conducted joint exercises in the Philippine Sea on June 28, 2020. The United States wanted to show “responsive, flexible and lasting commitment” to allied countries and partners in the Indo-Pacific region after Beijing claimed almost all South China Sea for historical reasons. Rear Admiral George Wikoff said the exercise was aimed at strengthening the ability of the United States Navy to conduct “warfighting operations in all regions.”

The Japan Times: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/06/29/asia-pacific/us-aircraft-carriers-south-china-sea/


Australia mengumumkan telah mengucurkan dana segar sekitar 1,3 miliar dolar AS dan merekrut 500 mata-mata dunia maya untuk meningkatkan kemampuan ofensifnya melawan kekuatan siber asing. Sejumlah infrastruktur strategis dan dunia bisnis Australia belum lama ini dihantam serangan siber berskala besar, termasuk beberapa rumah sakit dan sarana-sarana milik negara.

Australia announced that it had disbursed fresh funds of around 1.3 billion US dollars and recruited 500 cyberspies to increase its offensive capabilities against foreign cyber forces. Several of Australia’s strategic infrastructures and business world have recently been hit by large-scale cyberattacks, including some hospitals and state-owned facilities.

The Sydney Morning Herald: https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/offensive-capability-1-3b-for-new-cyber-spies-to-go-after-hackers-20200629-p557bk.html


Belalang gurun memiliki beberapa karakteristik khusus. Pertama, belalang gurun sanggup terbang hingga 200 kilometer dalam sehari. Kedua, satu ton gurun belalang menghabiskan dedaunan di pohon-pohon dan tanaman pertanian yang cukup untuk memberi makan 2500 orang setiap hari. Ketiga: belalang gurun betina menghasilkan lebih dari 70 telur setiap bertelur, dan bertelur maksimal empat kali. Belalang gurun sejauh ini sudah mengancam ketahanan pangan di Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan Selatan, Kenya, Yaman, Arab Saudi, Pakistan, India, Iran, Brazil, dan Argentina. Kini telah memasuki dataran rendah di Nepal.

Desert locusts have some special characteristics. First, locusts able to fly up to 200 kilometres in a day. Second, a ton of locust desert spends leaves on trees and crops that are enough to feed 2500 people every day. Third, female locusts produce eggs up to 70 eggs each time and lay eggs a maximum of four times. Desert grasshoppers have so far threatened food security in Somalia, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Kenya, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, India, Iran, Brazil, and Argentina. It has now entered the lowlands of Nepal.

FAO: http://www.fao.org/ag/locusts/en/info/info/index.html


Dampak dari pertikaian mematikan di lembah Galwan, penempatan pasukan dan perangkat militer Tiongkok di Ladakh telah menyebar ke bidang teknologi. India baru saja memboikot 59 aplikasi telepon pintar buatan Tiongkok dengan alasan merugikan kedaulatan, integritas, pertahanan, keamanan, dan ketertiban umum India. Beberapa aplikasi populer yang diboikot adalah TikTok, WeChat, Clash of Kings, Weibo, Cam Scanner, UC Browser.

The impact of the deadly strife in the Galwan Valley, the deployment of Chinese troops and military equipments in Ladakh has spread to technology field. India has just boycotted 59 smartphone applications made in China on the grounds of harming India’s sovereignty, integrity, defense, security, and public order. Some popular applications that are boycotted are TikTok, WeChat, Clash of Kings, Weibo, Cam Scanner, UC Browser.

ZeeNews: https://zeenews.india.com/india/india-bans-59-chinese-mobile-apps-tiktok-uc-browser-cam-scanner-included-2292645.html

Sumber-sumber/sources: Sidhant Sibal @sidhant, Anshul Saxena @AskAnshul

Photo: Unsplash/@Sawyer Bengtson

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Agen Rahasia

Hobi menulis kisah intelijen. Writing intelligence stories as a hobby.

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